ICC Examination Procedure under Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act

 ICC Committee Inquiry Guidelines


The Delhi High Court has laid down the guidelines for conducting an inquiry against complaints of sexual harassment at workplace by the Internal Complaints Committee. While deciding a matter between Ashok Kumar Singh v. Delhi University1, a 2-judge bench of the Delhi High Court comprising of Acting Chief Justice Gita Mitta and J. Anu Malhotra enlisted guidelines which would be useful in case of an inquiry by the ICC which is conducted u/s 11 of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013.

While deciding this case, the 2-judge bench referred to the guidelines laid down in the case of Bidyut Chakroborty (Prof.) v Delhi University and others SLP (C) No. 23060/20092.

Mentioned below are excerpts of the judgement of the case in hand which shall act as a check-list for the lawful conduction of any proceeding by the ICC under the enactment.

The Check-List: –

  • Examination-in-chief of the complainants’ witnesses shall be submitted in writing to the ICC.
  • The Internal Complaints Committee shall intimate the accused and the respondent about the date and time of the proceedings. That such an intimation shall be done both in writing as well as by e-mail.
  • That as the proceedings commence, the accused would be allowed to cross-examine the witnesses of the complainant through a questionnaire. That such a questionnaire shall be submitted with the ICC when the witnesses are produced for cross-examination.
  • That the witnesses on the specified date and time would be called upon one after the other for their depositions. That such depositions shall be made in the presence of the committee.
  • That ICC shall make every effort to complete the testimony of a single witness on the same day when the recording of the cross-examination of the witness is commenced.
  • The accused and the respondent shall not be present at the time of recording of the cross-examination of the witnesses of the complainant.
  • That it shall be the duty of the ICC to ensure that the witnesses who have already been cross-examined do not confabulate with the witnesses who are yet to be cross-examined.
  • That the ICC shall ensure to deliver a copy of the cross-examination of the complainants’ witnesses to the accused on the date of cross-examination. If such is not possible, the copy shall necessarily be delivered before the cross-examination of the next witness.
  • After the completion of cross-examination of the complainants’ witness, the accused would be permitted to lead the defense evidence.
  • The accused shall submit the Examination-in-chief of the defense witness in writing to the ICC. That such a submission shall be made within 1 week from the date of cross-examination of the complainants’ witnesses.
  • The procedure for the cross-examination of the defense witnesses would be identical to that as mentioned for complainant’s witness.
  • The proceedings must necessarily be conducted in an expeditious manner.
  • In case, any representation is made by the complainant u/s 12 of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013, for any interim redressal, the same would also be decided expeditiously by the ICC.
  • After considering the inquiry in recording and following the submissions made by the parties, ICC shall submit its report along with its recommendations to the Governing Body.


  1. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B1HsQbGlNpEfdEtvZE5VcXJsZWc/view
  2. https://indiankanoon.org/doc/6499449