Trade Union

  • As per section 2(b) of the Trade Unions Act, 1926 a Trade Union means either a temporary or a permanent combination that is formed for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen or between employers and employees or for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business and includes any federation of two or more trade unions.
  • Trade Unions are exempt from the applicability of Acts like Societies Registration Act, the Co-operative Society’s Act and the Companies’ Act.
  • U/s 4 of the Trade Unions Act, 1926, a Trade Union must, on the date of making application for registration under this Act, have at least 7 persons who are working in the establishment as its members.
  • Where an application for registration has been made, if after the date of such application but before registration, not exceeding half the total number of persons who made the application leave the Union, registration shall not be cancelled merely on this account.
  • As per the proviso to Section 4, on the date of application, the number of members making the application must be at least 10% of the workforce or 100 in number, whichever is less.
  • A registered Trade Union is a body corporate with perpetual succession and common seal with the power to hold movable and immovable property and to enter agreements.